According to a recent article in Ynet News, the plant will be built by Russia’s Rosatom Nuclear Corporation, and follows a ten year nuclear cooperation agreement which was signed by the two countries, with Sergei Kiriyenko of Rosatom representing the Russian side, and Dr.Khalid Toukan representing the Jordanian side.
Dr. Toukan is the Kingdom’s new Atomic Energy Commission chief, and holds a PHD degree in nuclear energy from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the USA. Construction for the plant is due to begin in 2011; and is not expected to be completed until at least 2017.
Some proponents of alternative energy believe nuclear is a clean and green option. Jordan could easily go solar, so let’s explore Jordan’s rationale.
Jordan is a signer of the 1968 nuclear non-proliferation treaty, which now has 189 countries as signatures. Outgoing International Atomic Energy Commission head Mohammad El Baradei visited the Kingdom recently and spoke with both Dr. Toukan and Jordanian Energy Minister Khaled Sharida, who told him that Jordan also plans other types of alternative energy projects, including solar energy and wind energy farms.
Jordan presently imports 95% of its energy needs, which is a big part of the national budget. An atomic energy plant, when in full operation, is expected to supply about 20-25% of the country’s electricity requirements, which are presently supplied by fuel oil powered electric power plants.
There is another reason for Jordan’s increasing interest in nuclear power, due to there being large quantities of uranium ore in parts of Jordan, that can be used as fuel for nuclear power plants as well as being developed into an export commodity that is expected to have a value of at least $500 million per annum, and will bring in much needed capital to the Kingdom.
Local environmentalist are unhappy with the idea, and point out that such a plant will be very harmful to Jordan’s very fragile eco-structure as well as requiring large amounts of water to cool the reactor fuel rods, which Jordan simply doesn’t have. Large scale mining of uranium would also be very damaging to the country’s environment. And what about their big plan to generate energy from the Dead Sea – Red Sea canal? Despite their desire to not work with Israel.
The Russian Atomic energy representative, Mr. Kiriyenko, said that his company plans to build three other atomic energy plants in Jordan following the completion of the first one. While this may seem very positive in regards to dealing with Jordan’s future energy needs, it causes many to reflect back on what is still referred to as the most serious nuclear energy disaster, the Chernobyl disaster, which occurred in the Ukraine in the late 1980’s, and resulted in horrendous damage to property and to the lives of the people living near the site.
The example of Chernobyl, which we’ve covered here recently on Green Prophet, might well be reason enough for a small country like Jordan to think again before undertaking such a project, and put more effort into developing other forms of energy, especially solar energy.