Maurice Picow – Green Prophet http://www.greenprophet.com Impact news for the Middle East Thu, 29 Sep 2016 08:13:42 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://i1.wp.com/www.greenprophet.com/wp-content/uploads/cropped-green-prophet-logo-2-300x123.png?fit=32%2C32 Maurice Picow – Green Prophet http://www.greenprophet.com 32 32 Solar powered plane (finally) completes round-the-world flight http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/08/solar-powered-plane-finally-completes-round-the-world-flight/ http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/08/solar-powered-plane-finally-completes-round-the-world-flight/#respond Tue, 16 Aug 2016 20:27:41 +0000 http://www.greenprophet.com/?p=112482

Solar Impulse

Solar Impulse, the world’s first intercontinental solar energy powered aircraft, finally touched down last month in Abu Dhabi after completing a round the world flight. The flight took more than a year to complete, after originally taking off from Abu Dhabi in March, 2015.

The 2.3 tonne aircraft was piloted by Swiss adventurer Bertrand Picard and his associate André Borschberg, another Swiss adventurer, businessman and pilot. They managed to spend 23 days of actual flight time in the air by alternating piloting the craft, which has a wingspan of 72 meters (236.22 ft). Powered by 72,000 solar cells, the flight was challenged by adverse weather conditions, over heating storage batteries, and extreme cases of fatigue due to having to fly in a cramped, single seat cabin. But it was a landmark moment for history.

Solar Impulse 2 is a similar version of the previous solar powered plane, Solar Impulse, that made history when it flew a non-stop flght from Madrid, Spain to Rabat, Morroco and back again in July, 2012. This flight, part of which occurred during the night, helped to show that solar powered flight is possible under the right conditions. The Solar Impulse 2 flight, which also included night flying, often flew at an altitude of up to 29,000 feet during the daytime and glided at a lower altitude of 5,000 feet during the night to save energy.

The last leg of the journey, from Cairo to Abu Dhabi, was especially difficult due to a large amount of air turbulence: “It was very inspiring though as I neared my final destination, knowing this had been accomplished without the use of conventional fuel” says Picard.

Before the Solar Impulse project began, Picard, together with another adventurer, Brian Jones, made history by being the first persons to fly around in earth in a high altitude balloon. This journey, in March, 1999, lasted 19 days, 21 hours and 55 minutes.

The Solar Impulse 2 journey was plagued with difficulties: financial ones as well as mechanical difficulties. These included having to be grounded in Hawaii during the winter of 2015 to 16 because of overheating batteries. Flying the plane was often extremely difficult due to the cramped flight cabin and not having heating or pressurization. The single pilot seat also had a built-in toilet.

Despite these difficulties the flight gave the men a great sense of achievement of flying around the earth, powered only by the sun: “Now I really want to leverage this demonstration and create a world council for clean technologies,” says Picard, who hopes this feat will help bring the contribution of alternative energy to help combat the ravages of climate change.

“This is a historic day for humanity,” said UN Secretary Ban K. Moon.

Indeed says Green Prophet!

More articles on solar powered flight:

Would You Fly by Sun and a Solar Impulse?

World’s First Solar-Powered Transcontinental Flight in Pictures

Solar Impulse Plane Finally Conquers the Atlas Mountains

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Amazing birdmen jet fly over Dubai http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/07/amazing-birdmen-jet-fly-over-dubai/ http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/07/amazing-birdmen-jet-fly-over-dubai/#respond Thu, 28 Jul 2016 10:47:59 +0000 http://www.greenprophet.com/?p=112370

It’s a bird! It’s a plane! No, it’s birdmen Yves Rosset and Vince Reffet flying their jet propelled wingsuits over and through one of world’s most futuristic cities, Dubai. The two air daredevils, each strapped into specially designed and constructed wing suits staged a 10 minute acrobatic jet flight at a location best known for its edifice audacities; including the world’s current tallest building, 2,716 foot Burj Khalifa. (It’s also the world’s largest poop-producing tower!)

fly-dubai

The jet propelled wing suits, which first passed successful flight tests in Finland in October, 2005, propelled the two aeronauts at heights well above Burj Kahalia and at speeds of up to 120 mph. Their amazing test flight and air acrobatics is shown here in the following video:

 Each specially fitted wingsuit has two small turbo jet engines attached to it. According to test data from previous jetmen flights, each jet engine provides around 16kgs of thrust, and is primed with a mix of butane and propane. Once ignited, the engines operate on a steady supply of kerosene based A1 Jet fuel.

This jet fuel burns at around the rate of 0.5 litres per minute, on full power, for each jet engine.Judging from the amount of exhaust smoke being expelled from these jetpacks, this extravagant air show display does not appear to be very environmentally friendly, to say the least.

Of course, there is some excitement to this kind of flying, if you take into account that these birdmen are realizing their dream of actual uninhibited human flight. Maybe the next step will be doing such a feat using renewable energy instead of polluting A1 jet fuel. The damage to Dubai’s environmental habitats, due to so much construction and the artificial islands in the Arab Gulf, is very sad indeed. Areoacrobatic displays like jet powered wingsuits do not appear to offer much of a contribution to improving the local enviromental scene there.

Read more on un-green issues affecting the Arab Gulf region and the world at large:
It’s not the tide. It’s not the wind. It’s us.
Crazy heat dome will mean no one can live in Arab Gulf by 2100
Amazing “Atlas” tracks Arab world habitat destruction over time

 

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Chicago’s urban farming produces fresh veggies all year, 24/7 http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/06/chicagos-urban-farming-produces-fresh-veggies-all-year-247/ http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/06/chicagos-urban-farming-produces-fresh-veggies-all-year-247/#comments Wed, 22 Jun 2016 06:11:06 +0000 http://www.greenprophet.com/?p=112324

Farmed Here special hydroponic growing project

Hydroponics and new, high-tech urban agricultural techniques are now growing fresh food in the middle of Manhattan and other large metropolitan centers globally. People are catching onto the taste and business opportunities of urban agriculture: find it growing in Middle Eastern cities such as Cairo, Egypt too!

Urban farming in midwestern American cities like Chicago has had its limitations due to adverse winter weather conditions at least 9 months a year. New indoor farming techniques use vertical farming, special indoor LED lighting and hydroponic systems that pump soybean and kelp-infused water through a temperature and humidity-controlled system, nearly 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.

This unique hydroponic farming system is at Bedford Park, about 15 miles (25 km) southwest of Chicago. The Bedford Park project, being carried out by a company known as Farmed Here is housed in a 90,000 square foot warehouse. The project produces a number of green vegetables and herbs; including basil, baby greens, broccoli, and kale.

Farmed Here is just one of more than 821 agricultural projects found under the Chicago Urban Center Agriculture Mapping Project  that includes anything from small private urban projects to multi-acre urban agricultural farms.

Farmed Here’s CEO Nate Laurel, a venture capital investor in his own right, put $13 million into the project that has a combined investment of more than $50 million USD. He says that this investment is worthwhile, considering the demand for fresh vegetable produce in the Chicago metro area alone.

“The greens market for Chicago alone is $400 million dollars,” he says. “Given the market is so big, it’s so top of mind for people to know where their food came from and how it was grown”, he adds.

Urban faming projects have also gone big-time by a rival company, Brooklyn based Gotham Greens, which opened a 75,000 sq. ft. rooftop farm in Chicago’s Pullman Park quarter in November 2015. In contrast to the LED lighting used by Farmed Here, the Gotham Greens project also uses natural sunlight, that is absorbed through a translucent roof. This idea is more in line with the traditional greenhouse lighting idea.

Dallas, Texas is also getting into the urban farming business: it has opened the office for Flux Farm, Inc., a company (founded and co-owned by Green Prophet’s Karin Kloosterman) to bring space-age artificial intelligence to predict and optimize the growth of plants in controlled environment growing. This company aims to connect urban farms everywhere for data, community and eventually selling produce grown. The company is piloting its technology at an urban indoor hydroponics park in Massachusetts.

Michelle Obama urban gardening

The idea of urban farming has also been promoted by Michelle Obama, wife of US President Barack Obama, and who also hails from Chicago. The First Lady launched an urban gardening project in a section of the White House grounds in the Spring of 2012. Her urban gardening project has given her the title of First Lady of Urban Gardens.

More articles on urban agriculture projects:

Grow fresh food in the middle of Manhattan? Meet Henry
Brooklyn’s Gotham Greens builds world’s largest rooftop urban farm
Egypt’s urban agriculture movement is growing!

Photo of Farmed Here urban agriculture project by Fast CoExist; Photo of Michelle Obama in urban garden by NPR.Org

]]> http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/06/chicagos-urban-farming-produces-fresh-veggies-all-year-247/feed/ 1 Japan rents out hydroponic gardens to busy city workers http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/06/japan-rents-out-hydroponic-gardens-to-busy-city-workers/ http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/06/japan-rents-out-hydroponic-gardens-to-busy-city-workers/#respond Thu, 09 Jun 2016 07:22:06 +0000 http://www.greenprophet.com/?p=112311

hidroponic lettuce farms

What do you do if you live in a cramped, workaholic country like Japan and still want to grow veggies in your precious, quality leisure time? This desire to be a weekend urban farmer is relevant for other locations too. Hydroponic farming projects are fast becoming popular everywhere, including Egypt and other parts of the Middle East.

Japan, in particular, has an acute land availability problem for people who cannot afford traditional weekend countryside retreats for gardening due to being confined to high-rise urban environments.

To help make gardening a reality for more city dwellers, a Japanese company Tanabatake Sukusuku now offers rental hydroponic growing containers on a monthly basis.

Opened in 2014 by Kajima Tatemono Sogo Kanri Co., a Tokyo based building and maintenance company, individuals and families can rent small hydroponic growing containers or “beds” and choose from 51 kinds of vegetable seeds; or bring their own.

“A cityscape becomes dark when the number of vacant buildings increases. Lights for gardening can illuminate the city, and I hope the greenery of the vegetables is like a downtown oasis and refreshes passers-by,” says Tsuneaki Ihana, who works in the company’s technical information section.

The rental space idea appears to be gaining popularity as more people are becoming involved. Staff advisors are on hand to assist with various aspects of hydroponic gardening, including humidity and temperature control and measuring the correct amount of fertilizer required.

American companies like flux are building the “brains” for hydroponic gardens and farms, to make it easy and hassle-free, and tell Green Prophet that multi-billion companies from Japan have contacted them to see how urban farming can go wide in Japan: Hydroponics can green city rooftops and grow high quality food for the discerning Japanese, but it’s also is a great hobby for Japan’s growing senior population. The government wants them engaged but they can’t bend over to tend to regular soil gardens. Hydroponic gardens can be raised on tables or built on walls on solve this problem.

One part-time gardener in Japan growing food this way said that it would be much harder to look after such a project if done from home and enjoys the flexibility community-style farming allows: “Here, I can casually enjoy farming when I have time,” she says.

Read more on urban and hydroponic agriculture:
Gaza produce on the menu at swanky American event in Jerusalem
Saving our food and planet requires bubbles
Khalifa hydroponic farms paying off

Photo of hydroponic lettuce farms by Pengertian Hodroponik

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US supports hydroponics to revitalize Mideast food, water and security http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/06/jordan-hydroponics/ http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/06/jordan-hydroponics/#respond Mon, 06 Jun 2016 06:45:00 +0000 http://www.greenprophet.com/?p=112255

Visit to an hydroponic bell pepper farm

Growing crops without soil, otherwise known as hydroponic agriculture, is not a recent innovation. In fact, it can be traced back to ancient times and kingdoms like Babylonia, whose Hanging Gardens were said to have been created and nurtured by use of hydroponics.

The modern day Middle East, especially water-deprived countries like Jordan and Syria, has had on-going problems in that local agriculture cannot provide sufficient amounts of local food due to lack of sufficient water and arable land to grow crops. Other resource-rich countries such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates see hydroponics as the only solution for providing hyper local, fresh, nutritious food.

Jordan-hydroponics-eco-consult-a

As a result of this water scarcity problem, Jordan sees potential in hydroponic agricultural projects, which are said to use as much as 90 percent less water over conventional soil-based agriculture.

The Kingdom of Jordan is seeing commercial opportunities for local hydroponic farming and is getting some help from the USAID Hydroponic Green Farming Initiative (HGFI). Hydroponic agricultural projects growing vegetables by both hydroponic and organic methods were the subject of an event held in May 2015, where US Ambassador to Jordan Alice Wells featured these vegetables in an event with Jordanian governmental officials and local producers.

The event was aimed at showing how use of hydroponic growing techniques not only saves water resources but produces high quality yields as well. Ambassador Wells told the participants:

“The future of hydroponic farming techniques is bright in Jordan. Hydroponic farming techniques are well-suited toward maximizing Jordan’s scarce supply of water. From my visits to hydroponic farms in the Jordan Valley, I’ve seen that the potential to grow more produce through hydroponic techniques is significant, given the minimal additional investment required to implement them.”

vilsack-wells-jordan-2015-may_0

She added that hydroponic agriculture maximizes Jordan’s scarce water supplies. Her visits to hydroponic projects in the Jordan Valley indicate a good potential for this type of agriculture, with just a minimal additional investment required.

Chefs who attended the event were able to see the quality of the hydroponically-grown produce, which often uses no pesticides. Um Ali, who heads a woman’s agricultural cooperative in the north of Jordan, told the gathering that production of herbs like thyme is much better using hydroponic agriculture than by traditional soil methods:

“Our thyme production from hydroponic farming is far better than traditional soil farming. It uses much less water, which is scarce in Jordan. Our production is clean from soil diseases,” she said.

Building reliable markets for hydroponically-grown produce is equally important. The USAID program is designed to build greater awareness of the advantages of hydroponically-grown produce, and the chefs in attendance at the reception were able to experience first-hand the quality of produce from hydroponic fields. Developing strong domestic markets for produce will assist farmers in balancing the cyclical nature of produce grown for export.

Developing tools and an industry for hydroponics in the Middle East is just as important. Consider this super cool American company flux from New York powering up the entire industry by providing powerful monitors and controls for hydroponic farms, in the same way that Mobileye enables self-driving Tesla cars. The global market flux is tapping into will grow from about $19 billion today to $27 billion in 4 years. It’s a massive opportunity since there are few global players with no dominant, affordable solution for new businesses.

Jordan can and should be a part of that.

More about hydroponic agriculture in the Middle East:
Hydroponics in Qatar
Saudi Arabia’s OAXIS hydroponic food belt
Khalifa hydroponic farms paying off
Grow fresh food in the middle of Manhattan?
Hanging gardens of Babylon inspire water farming called hydroponics

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Has Zika virus come to Israel? http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/06/has-zika-virus-come-to-israel/ http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/06/has-zika-virus-come-to-israel/#comments Fri, 03 Jun 2016 06:29:04 +0000 http://www.greenprophet.com/?p=112159

833px-Aedes_aegypti_feeding

The sheer horror of it was understandable when the first photos of deformed infants began appearing in local and international news reports. Perhaps not as deadly as Ebola, which was considered to be “out of control” in parts of West Africa in 2014, the Zika virus, said to be carried by a once common mosquito, Aedes aegypti (photo above), has now spread to many countries in the Western Hemisphere.

Concern about the Zika virus at the upcoming Olympic Games in Brazil, considered to be the “epicenter” of the Zika outbreak, has reached a stage that an international group of doctors are now urging that the games either be moved to another location or postponed.

Although still not positively linked to Aedes aegypti, the Zika virus, named after a forest in Uganda Africa, is suspected as being the cause of a steep rise in birth defects from a condition known as microcephaly. The deformity causes babies to be born with unusually small heads and brains.

Israel and neighboring countries such as Jordan and Lebanon are not  yet high on the list of countries where the Zika virus could spread, due to the Aedes aegypti mosquito being considered to be extinct there. The one case of Zika virus, that has occurred so far in Israel to a two year old child, was attributed to the child being exposed to it in Columbia. There is a possibility though of the virus being carried by another mosquito, the Aedes Asian Tiger mosquito.

According to Israel’s Health Ministry, Israel and 17 European countries have a “moderate risk” of having cases of Zika virus from Asian Tiger mosquitos, which are said to have come from Egypt’s Nile Delta region.

The Zika virus, although known in Africa for over 60 years, was not considered to be deadly; and has symptoms similar to cases of the flu. The steep rise of cases of infant deformities in South American countries like Columbia and Brazil, which are now strongly suspected to be caused by Zika, has caused the World Health Organization to issue an alarm warning about the spread of the Zika Virus to both Europe and North America.  The heart rending photos like this one of a South American mother and her microcephaly stricken child are enough to make fears of the Zika virus all the more real.

epa05156298 A picture made available on 12 February 2016 of Leticia de Araujo (L) holding her daughter, one-month-old Manuelly Araujo da Cruz, who was born with microcephaly after being exposed to the zika virus during her mother's pregnancy, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 11 February 2016. The mother Leticia de Araujo, who caught the Zika virus during her third month of pregnancy, says that it is possible to raise her daughter in a completely normal way. 'The only difference is that Manuelly has a time when she cries a lot and gets very nervous waving her arms' but 'beyond that is normal'. EPA/ANTONIO LACERDA

Read more on viruses and other diseases that have caused concern in the Middle East:

How fast can Africa’s Ebola outbreak move to the Middle East
Deadly MERS virus spreading fast out of Sudi Arabia, raising panic before Hajj
Swine flu and other challenges to Hajj pilgrimage in 2009

Photo of Aedes aegypti feeding, by Wikipedia.org

Photo of woman with microcephaly stricken child by EPA/Antonio Lacerda

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Roses damask’d are dying in Syria http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/05/roses-damaskd-are-dying-in-syria/ http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/05/roses-damaskd-are-dying-in-syria/#respond Tue, 24 May 2016 10:07:31 +0000 http://www.greenprophet.com/?p=112189

Damask rose

Used for perfumes, rose water; and for flavoring sweets like Turkish Delight, Syria’s famed Damask Rose, once championed by romanticists like William Shakespeare, is experiencing hard times due to the ongoing war in its native land.

Although also grown in Turkey, Iran and other countries, the 30-petaled Damask rose, which achieved its most fame in areas of Syria near Damascus, has been in steady decline due to ravages of climate change in Syria and warfare.

Long exported to Europe and other regions, this unique member of the rose family has been famous for centuries. Prior to the outbreak of hostilities in Syria, more than 80 tons of damask rose petals were exported annually from the town of El Mrah for distillation into the oil used for both perfumes and food flavoring.

The heady smelling rose has adorned gardens and balconies of residents in the Syrian capital; and especially in El Mrah, 65 km east of Damascus, where an annual rose festival used to be held: “Now the area reeks of gunpowder instead of roses,” says a local area resident, Hamza Bilal. Bilal owned a distillery for producing oil from damask rose petals. After several years of civil war and drought, less than 20 tones of rose petals are now exported abroad.

Syrian picking damask rose

The qualities of the damask rose became known to the Crusaders, who brought it back with them to Europe during the Crusades. This began a love affair with a flower and its fragrance that inspired Shakespeare to exault it in his Sonnet 130 about a less than favored damsel: “I have seen roses damask’d, both red and white. But no such roses I see in her cheeks.”

Damask roses and oil have also been exported to markets in the Arab Gulf, where fresh Damask rose flowers were heavily in demand.

Such is the fate of this famous flower, now literally withering on the stalks of the dwindling numbers of rose bushes still not destroyed by more than 5 years of civil war. “It’s not just a business relationship we have with the flower, it’s part of the family” said Amin Bitar, an 80 year old Damask rose cultivator from El Mrah, who has grown the flowers all his life. He added that the Damask rose will not “come back to life until this war is over.”

More articles on issues of climate change and war in Syria

NASA calls Mideast drought “worst in 900 years”
Watar, wars and an uncertain future
How climate change contributed to the Syrian uprising

Photo of Syrian picking damask roses via AFP Photo/Louai Beshara

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Gaza produce on the menu at swanky American event in Jerusalem http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/05/gaza-produce-on-the-menu-at-swanky-american-event-in-jerusalem/ http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/05/gaza-produce-on-the-menu-at-swanky-american-event-in-jerusalem/#respond Wed, 18 May 2016 06:24:55 +0000 http://www.greenprophet.com/?p=112072

Gaza food appetizers

Gaza’s ever-increasing population growth, combined with severe fresh water shortages is resulting in constant challenges to provide enough food for the enclave’s 1.8 million inhabitants.

Due to lack of available agricultural space, various methods used to produce food supplies have included planting roof top gardens of herbs and vegetables and small aquacultural projects to grow their own fish. We’ve always said that technologies like flux can help them grow their own food using vertical farming or hydroponics.

The US believes that Gaza needs help and is promoting agribusiness projects in the territory to enable the population to become more self-sustaining.

gaza sewage 1

Gaza sewage problem just flows right into the sea

An example of this interest was a recent garden party event sponsored by the US Consulate in Jerusalem featuring vegetables and seafood originating from Gaza. The event, hosted by US Counsul General Donald Blome, included a variety of Gaza grown vegetables and fruit, including bell peppers, cherry tomatoes, eggplants and cucumbers prepared in traditional Gazan recipe dishes; as well as locally caught sardines and other seafood (photo above).

The idea of this event was to create interest in finding ways to assist Gazan farmers and fishermen to grow and produce more food supplies from the small amounts of arable land and water resources available to them.

Prior to the year 2007, when Hamas gained control of the Gaza Strip, Palestinians in Gaza sold an average of $15.6 million worth of agricultural produce outside Gaza annually; most of it to markets in Israel. Since that time, production and export of agricultural produce has fallen to a mere trickle, due to military conflicts between terrorist groups in Gaza and Israel.

gaza-solar-oven

Solar cooker on a Gaza rooftop.

This has resulted in exports of agricultural produce dropping to around $1.2 million annually, according to U.N. sources. Blome told his guests that all of the agricultural produce at the event, including fresh fruit and seafood, came from Gaza, adding: “I don’t think anyone in Jerusalem has been able to say that for the last 10 years.”

Counsul General Blome told his guests that more than 29,000 Gaza farmers lost their livlihoods as a result of the 2014 military conflict between Gaza and Israel, that destroyed crops and caused intensive damage to agricultual land and water supplies. He added that the situation has improved recently with extension of fishing distance limits in the Mediterranean off Gaza and allowance of increased exports of agricultural produce.

Gaza, water shortages, UN, desalination, fuel shortage, humanitarian disasters, Israel

Much of this produce was purchased by Israel during its sabbatical “Shmita” year when the land in Israel must law fallow due to biblical law.

Recent policy changes by Israel is allowing international organizations like USAID to bring in experts to find ways to improve the agricultural and manufacturing situation in Gaza, which suffers from more than 80% unemployment and resulting in much of the population being almost entirely dependent on UN assistance.

rooftop_farm_in_gaza.jpg.size.xxlarge.letterbox

Rooftop hydroponic farm in Gaza built by Moti Cohen/LivinGreen

USAID mission director for the West Bank and Gaza, Dave Harden, was quoted recently as saying that Israeli policy changes allows his organization to bring in experts to provide more sophisticated assistance to help design better water systems and develop global markets for Gaza products: “I think the consequence of us putting in American architectural design firms, engineering and construction firms, and trade firms, is very important for us to achieve a different trajectory for Gaza,” Harden said.

More efforts to enable peaceful relations between Gaza Palestinians and Israel might help a bit as well.

Read more on Gaza agricultural, fishing and water issues:
Why Gaza needs hydrophonics and aquaphonics for food security
If Gaza Goes Dry, Where will all the People Go?
Seaside Gaza Fishermen Grow Own Fish
Gaza’s Green Roofs of Herbs and Vegetables

Photo of food dishes from Gaza produce by Emily Harris/NPR

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Jews and Arabs turn on Mideast solar project for West Bank farmers http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/05/jews-and-arabs-turn-on-mideast-solar-project-for-west-bank-farmers/ http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/05/jews-and-arabs-turn-on-mideast-solar-project-for-west-bank-farmers/#respond Wed, 18 May 2016 05:47:22 +0000 http://www.greenprophet.com/?p=112098

SOLAR west bank panels

As an innovator of solar energy, Israel has been involved in a number of pilot projects in its Negev desert regions; in particular, one with Arava Power which resulted in a  solar energy plant being put in place in the Arava region near Kibbutz Ketura.

Areas in the West Bank under control of the Palestinian Authority have had ongoing energy problems making it mostly dependent on Israel for electricity needs. This dependence has resulted in Palestinians embracing the use of solar energy to reduce their dependency on Israel for supplying electricity at much higher costs. There are some innovators also turning to geothermal energy in the West Bank.

Joint infrastructure projects between Israel and the Palestinians have up to now been less successful, however, due to political issues as well as constant strife between Palestinians and Jewish settlers living in areas across the so-called ‘green line’.

There may finally be some light at the end of this seemingly endless tunnel, however, with a new solar energy project financed by a joint Jewish, Christian and Muslim NGO, Build Israel Palestine, that is involved in raising money to fund development projects in Palestine, including solar energy.

According to a recent article in the New York Times, a solar energy pilot project has already begun helping farmers and residents of the West Bank town of Auja.

Garden of Auja

Garden of Auja irrigated by treated greywater

The Auja solar project, an initiative of a New York Jewish man, Ben Jablonski, who was formerly with the Jewish National Fund, Israel’s leading land development organization, has already improved the lives of local Palestinians by giving them more affordable electricity. (Visit our trip to Auja)

Auja_playground

Farmers in the area now have a more reliable electricity source, with solar panels providing the power to pump underground water supplies for irrigating crops. Though small in comparison with other solar energy projects elsewhere, and costing around $100,000, the Auja project now provides electricity to around 45 local farmers as well as to Auja’s 5,000 inhabitants.

The project has been lauded by the Palestinian Wastewater Engineers Group, which is a partner in the project. “The valley where the project is located has plenty of sunlight, and this has been put to use” said Monther Hind, a senior Palestinian engineer who is partner to Friends of the Earth Middle East with Gidon Bromberg in Israel.

The project does not mean that Israeli and Palestinian relations are improving, however. Auja’s mayor, Fakhri Injoum, says that joint Israel/Palestinian projects are not really welcomed. Local residents appear to think otherwise, however.

While only a start, it is hoped that more solar projects will follow, and eventually provide Palestinians with a larger portion of their electricity needs. The Auja solar project provides around 25,000 watts of power from its 3,000 sq. feet solar panel array “when the sun is brightest”.

Read more on solar energy issues in Israel and Palestine:

Solar energy brings affordable energy to Palestinian homes
Palestinians embrace solar to reduce dependency on Israel
Despite Solar Innovations, Israel Lags Far Behind Europe and the US in Results

Photo of solar panels from Build Israel Palestine by Uriel Sinai and NY Times

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Alberta Tar Sands wildfire and global warming http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/05/alberta-tar-sands-wildfire-and-global-warming/ http://www.greenprophet.com/2016/05/alberta-tar-sands-wildfire-and-global-warming/#comments Tue, 10 May 2016 03:00:02 +0000 http://www.greenprophet.com/?p=112019

Alberta Wildfire

Alberta Canada’s massive wildfire, which has now consumed an area larger than Hong Kong and threatens to reach the border with neighboring Saskatchewan, is another startling example that may be attributed to the ravages of global warming.

While most of the Middle East does not have large tracts of forest land, areas where forests and grasslands are located are continuously in danger of catching fire as higher than normal temperatures and “crazy heat domes” may make many parts of the Middle East unlivable by 2100.

Alberta’s wildfires, which became literally out of control after starting over a week ago, have already displaced more than 80,000 people and destroyed thousands of homes and commercial buildings. Located in the province’s well publicized Alberta Tar Sands, the big question being raised now is whether this industry, deemed to be one of the most environmentally damaging projects in North America, may be attributing to making it spread so quickly.

According to informed sources in International Business Times, the Alberta oil or tar sands account for more than 80% of Canada’s entire petroleum production. In physical terms, this amounts to more than 4.4 million barrels per day, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Canadian governmental and private sources now say it will take weeks to fully bring these fires under control; and this only only happen if there are substantial rains. Dry conditions and unseasonably high temperatures of 23 degrees Celsious (80 degrees Fahrenheit) are causing the fires to spread even quicker.

Oil tar sand production, involving the use of chemicals and high pressure steam to bring up the gunky oil tar from underground, has long been considered to be an environmental disaster in the making by many environmentalists; even rivaling oil production in Saudi Arabia, and seen as having a severe impact on global warming.

The photo below shows what this oil sand tar goop looks like when brought to the surface.

canada-oil-sands-crude
With events like the Alberta wildfires occurring in pristine locations like Canada, it’s not difficult to understand what is already occuring in regions like the Middle East. Mid-East area countries that do contain sizable tracts of forest land, such as Israel, Lebanon and Turkey, will undoubtedly see more occurrences of forest and brush fires on the like that Israel experienced in December, 2010; when a large section on the country’s Carmel mountain forest went up in smoke, killing more than 45 people.

We will all be watching the outcome of the Alberta wildfires; that up to now seem virtually unstoppable. As for the Middle East, the worst may yet to come, regarding global warming.

Read more on global warming, wildfires and the Alberta Tar Sands:
Crazy heat dome will mean that no one can live in the Arab Gulf by 2100
Israel’s Carmel wildfire blame goes all the way to the top
Canada Worst than Saudi Arabia, Considering Tar Sands Impact on Global Warming

Photo: Fort McMurray Wildfires, by Todd Korol/Reuters
Photo: Alberta Tar Sands crude oil, by Jonathan Hayward/ AP

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