Enstorage Pioneers 50kW Hydrogen Bromine Storage in Israel

enstorage 50KW demonstrator HBr battery storageEnergy storage company Enstorage Inc. connected a 50 kW Hydrogen Bromine flow battery to the grid at their test site in southern Israel. This began the world’s first large-scale deployment of this promising new energy grid technology. The battery is said to be capable of storing up to 100kWh and can be recharged more than 10,000 times.

One long-standing problem with energy grids is that there are hourly, daily and seasonal variations in electrical demand. For example, electrical demand can double over the course of an August day in Jordan and the average daily load can vary by more than 25% between March and August.

The generation output of promising alternative energy sources such as solar, wind, hydroelectric and tidal power also fluctuates. Matching this variable supply with variable demand is a huge challenge for electricity producers.

The ability to shift grid capacity across long distances can help somewhat, but what we really need is a technology for efficiently storing excess electricity during times of oversupply and releasing it during times of high demand.

Pumped storage is one possible storage solution, water is pumped uphill to a reservoir during times of excess and released past hydroelectric generators during times of high demand. But this technology requires large amounts of water and a well-placed hill or mountain.

Chemical batteries are another possible grid storage solution. These are large scale versions of lead-acid car batteries, AA nickel-metal hydride batteries or the lithium batteries in laptops and iPhones. A typical iPhone battery stores about 5 Watt/hours of electricity, so Enstorage’s first Hbr battery deployment has approximately the same capacity as 20,000 iPhone batteries or 30,000 AA batteries.

One advantage of Enstorage’s hydrogen bromine flow battery is that the chemicals used are abundant and therefore relatively inexpensive.

Hydrogen can be extracted water and bromine is component of Dead Sea salt. Jordan and Israel already harvest bromine from Dead Sea salt evaporation pools. Bromine currently costs a little more than $5000 per ton. A second advantage is Enstorage’s proprietary conversion stack technology which can provide up to three times the energy density of existing grid storage batteries.

A third advantage of Enstorage’s Hydrogen Bromine flow battery has to do with the concept of a “flow battery.” Unlike ordinary household batteries, the liquid electrodes of flow batteries can be stored and external tanks and produce energy as they flow through the battery. This means the capacity can be increased simply by increasing the size of the storage tanks.


About Brian Nitz

Brian remembers when a single tear dredged up a nation's guilt. The tear belonged to an Italian-American actor known as Iron-Eyes Cody, the guilt was displaced from centuries of Native American mistreatment and redirected into a new environmental awareness. A 10-year-old Brian wondered, 'What are they... No, what are we doing to this country?'From a family of engineers, farmers and tinkerers Brian's father was a physics teacher. He remembers the day his father drove up to watch a coal power plant's new scrubbers turn smoke from dirty grey-back to steamy white. Surely technology would solve every problem. But then he noticed that breathing was difficult when the wind blew a certain way. While sailing, he often saw a yellow-brown line on the horizon. The stars were beginning to disappear. Gas mileage peaked when Reagan was still president. Solar panels installed in the 1970s were torn from roofs as they were no longer cost-effective to maintain. Racism, public policy and low oil prices transformed suburban life and cities began to sprawl out and absorb farmland. Brian only began to understand the root causes of "doughnut cities" when he moved to Ireland in 2001 and watched history repeat itself.Brian doesn't think environmentalism is 'rocket science', but understanding how to apply it within a society requires wisdom and education. In his travels through Europe, North America, Asia and the Middle East, Brian has learned that great ideas come from everywhere and that sharing mistakes is just as important as sharing ideas.

6 thoughts on “Enstorage Pioneers 50kW Hydrogen Bromine Storage in Israel”

  1. Azor says:

    Very interesting technology
    HBr / H2 seems to have huge advantage over VRB based systems

  2. Boris says:

    This looks too big for 5K/hour storage system from looking at picture. When you get 1M/hour in a small house size than we can talk business.

    And this is too bad. Israel needs at least 2-3GW/hour storage in large cities for safety reasons.

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